Risto Ryti SeuraTietoa Risto Rytistä

Ryti, Risto (1889-1956) was a Finnish politician and governor of the Bank of Finland from 1923 to 1940. Ryti spoke out for strong resistance when the USSR invaded his country in November 1939 (see Finnish-Soviet war). When Germany became the dominant power in Europe in summer 1940, Ryti, then Prime Minister, sought to obtain a German guarantee of Finnish independence. In 1941 he allowed plans to be made for German-Finnish military cooperation against the Soviet Union. After President Kyösti Kallio (1873-1940) died in December 1940, Risto Ryti was chosen to succeed him by an overwhelming majority of the electors chosen for the 1937 presidential election under special legislation enacted by the Finnish Parliament as war-time conditions prevented normal procedures. In June 1941 the USSR attacked Finland without a declaration of war. Although he was re-elected in 1943, the dire military situation forced his resignation in August 1944 and he was succeeded by Marshal Mannerheim. He returned to the Bank of Finland but when Germany surrendered he resigned. In 1946 he was sentenced in a war-responsibility trial to ten years of imprisonment but was released in 1949.

Source: Oxford companion ww2, complemented by Professor Ohto Manninen

Risto Ryti in Finnish National Biography 

Risto Ryti in Wikipedia

See also: Winter War, The Continuation War

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